主谓一致误用辨析-2019年高起点英语复习资料-江苏成教

江苏成人高考网www.bdf1.net 发布时间: 2018年11月30日

主谓一致误用辨析-2019年高起点英语复习资料-江苏成教


1、中文:在两座建筑物之间有一面墙。

  (误)Between the two buildings stand a wall.

  (正)Between the two buildings stands a wall.(主语是a wall,正常语序是A wall stands between the two buildings.)


2、中文:桌上有一盒鸡蛋。

  (误)A box of eggs are on the table.

  (正)A box of eggs is on the table.(主语a box是单数,谓语动词用单数。)


3、中文:他的一家人都喜爱音乐。

  (误)His family is fond of music.

  (正)His family are fond of music.(集合名词family在本句是指全家人,是复数,谓语动词用复数。)


4、中文:我的朋友们来了。

  (误)Here comes my friends.

  (正)Here come my friends.(主语my friends是复数,谓语动词用复数,本句的一般语序是My friends come here.。)


5、中文:咖啡加牛奶是她最喜欢的饮料。

  (误)Coffee and milk are her favourite drink.

  (正)Coffee and milk is her favourite drink.(coffee and milk习惯上被视为一个整体,是单数,谓语动词用单数。)


6、中文:他们每个人有一本字典。

  (误)They each has a dictionary.

  (正)They each have a dictionary.(主语they是复数,谓语动词用复数,each是修饰语。)


7、中文:他的裤子是新的。

  (误)His trousers is new.

  (正)His trousers are new.(主语trousers是复数,谓语动词用复数。)


8、中文:桌上有几本小说。

  (误)There is some novels on the table.

  (正)There are some novels on the table.(主语some novels是复数,谓语动词要用复数。)


9、中文:许多学生对英语感兴趣。

  (误)Many a student are interested in English.

  (正)Many a student is interested in English.(many a+可数名词的单数形式,虽然表示复数的意义,但被看作单数主语,谓语动词用单数。)

10、中文:学外语花去我们很多时间。

  (误)Learning foreign languages take us a lot of time.

  (正)Learning foreign languages takes us lots of time.(动名词当主语时,谓语动词用单数。)


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